Abstract— Agave sisalana (Agavaceae), commonly known as sisal plant has an anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anthelmintic, bactericidal and insecticidal activities. Its toxic effects on female reproduction are unknown. This comparative interventional study aimed to assess the ovarian and uterine tissues and fetal parameters of rats treated with the extract of sisal waste (100 mg kg-1 body weight), obtained from decortications of the A. sisalana. The control received distilled water. The treatments were performed orally for 30 consecutive days. The results showed that the estrous cycle and ovarian tissue were not affected by plant extract. There was an significant increase (p<0.05)in the thickness of perimetrium in females treated with A. sisalana. The placental and litter weights also increased significantly whereas the litter size significantly decreased (p<0.05) in the group receiving the extract. In conclusion, A. sisalana showed no pathological changes in the ovaries and uterine endometrium, but had a negative effect on the litter size and weight.
Keywords: Sisal, Gonadotoxicity, Reproduction Fetotoxicity.
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