Abstract—Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites produced by molds, produced by the organism under certain stress conditions, such as drough and high temperatures in field, or high humidity levels in storage facilities. It is well known that their presence may result in hazardous implications in the humans and animals health. The aim of this study was to analyze the presence of mycotoxigenic moulds in cereals harvested in Albania. Microbiological evaluation was accomplished in different media for moulds. Despite the fact that method is conventional, presenting approximate values, it helps to a judgement on the mycotoxigenic molds and other microorganisms.
The concentration of microorganisms varied 0.5-260 x 10³ cfu/g in wheat and 80-200 x 104 cfu/g in maize. After the identification and classification was found presence of mainly Ascomycete classes; especially Aspergillus, Penicillium and Fusarium species. In conlusion, after comparing the finding with interantional standards was concluded that wheat comodity was within standards, while some of maize samples passed the allowed levels.
Keywords— Albania, Maize, Toxigenic molds, Wheat.
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