A New Socio-economic Status Scale: urgent Need of Hour

Abstract A New Socio-economic Status Scale: urgent Need of Hour.Almost all community- based studies focus on socio-economic stratification, which is the key parameter for proper understanding the affordability of the community of health services. But nowadays in the era of changing social prestige parameters with debt from financing agencies should be considered in scaling socio-economic condition. So there is an urgent need to have socio-economic scaling reinvent considering new areas of socio-economic status. Present study was aimed to compare the different socio-economic status scales prevalent with Gaur’s socio-economic scale. Variables of 240 Antenatal cases were recorded along with the variables as per B.G. Prasad’s, Kupuswami’s and Gaur’s SES classification. Proportion of cases falling in various category of SES status as per all these SES Scaling was assessed and compared. It was found that as per B.G. Prasad SES classification there was 79.58% in class I, which is unbelievable. Whereas as per Gaur’s SES scaling there were 0.83% in Class I which is quite reasonable. Likewise, as per Kuppuswami SES Scale there were 46.67% in Class I, which is also not appropriate for ANCs attending at Government setting. Proportion of ANCs in various Classes as per B.G. Prasad SES and Kuppuswami SES Scale with Gaur’s SES scale was with significant (P<0.001) difference. Socio-economic scaling need to consider other variable like Housing Condition, Living Status, Percentage of Income Expenditure and Debt to asset Ratio (as in Gaur’s SES Scaling) along with Income, Education and Occupation.

Keywords Socio-economic status scales, B.G.Prasad SES classification, Kuppuswami SES Scale, Gaur’s socio-economic scale.

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