Assessing the Impact of Urban Growth on the Forest Degradation in Musanze District

Abstract As the days are passing there are changes in development in many districts of the country where the urbanization is growing in term of expansion every day. This expansion is due to the population pressure where the population need to satisfy their needs and trying to accommodate themselves with all those acts the forests are damaged by population through constructions and by cooking and which leads to forest degradation. It is in this context that the present study was conducted in order to assess the impact of urban growth on the forest degradation in Musanze. The study had the Specific objectives which were the analyzing of the trend of forest degradation; the assessment of urban growth status; and to establish the relationship between urban growth and forest degradation. The researcher used data (orthophoto) from Rwanda Land Management and Use Authority of the period 2009-2019. The Arc GIS, total station TS06, Differential GPS, have been used for accomplishing this research. Results show that forests lost at rate of 3.3 % every year due to the heavy urban growth which is not monitored and this implicate that within 30 years there will not be any forest in Musanze district. It is recommended that the district should deliver the education and training courses to local communities; should organize special campaigns about importance of forests to the comminutes and the society, should mobilize the population and other stakeholders to plant many trees in whole city and also make the forestation.

Keywords— Musanze district, Urban growth, Forest degradation, City development.

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International Journal of Environmental and Agriculture Research (IJOEAR)

ISSN: 2454-1850

Digital Object Identifier DOI: 10.25125/agriculture-journal

WorldCat , Scilit, MDPI AG (Basel, Switzerland), Tyndale University College & Seminary, Indiana University,
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