Comparing Oxygen Plasma, Hydrogen Peroxide and Flame Treatments of Polyamide Tubes to Hydrophilic Coating Adhesion

Abstract Hydrophilic-coated catheters reduce the endovascular friction between the device and blood and increase the biocompatibility of catheters. This study investigated three surface treatments to improve catheter surface. Oxygen plasma, hydrogen peroxide, and flame exposure coating equipment were manufactured. Polyamide 11 (PA11) catheter surfaces were treated and the influence of exposure time for each individual technique was studied. Treated samples were characterized by goniometry, scanning electron microscopy, infrared spectroscopy and scratch resistance of the hydrophilic coating deposited. Oxygen plasma, hydrogen peroxide, and flame surface treatments may considerably increase the wettability and adhesion properties of polyamide 11. The flame treatment during 60 s showed significant improvement in surface properties, in which both wettability and the adhesion of the hydrophilic coating were superior in comparison to the other samples. The devices developed in these work were able to coat and improve catheter surface properties.

Keywords— Oxygen Plasma, Hydrogen Peroxide, Flame Treatments, Polyamide Tubes, Hydrophilic Coating.

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Engineering Journal: Comparing Oxygen Plasma, Hydrogen Peroxide and Flame Treatments of Polyamide Tubes to Hydrophilic Coating Adhesion

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