IMJ Health : April 2015

International Journal, Journal, Research Journal,Medical Journal

Effect of Age on Response of 61-Point Relaxation Technique on Cardiovascular variables in Females

AbstractStress affects mainly on autonomic nervous system of individuals and relaxation techniques has the opposite of the stress response. 61-point relaxation technique is one of the relaxation techniques but there are some factors on which its grading of response is dependent. So this study is aimed to find out the effect of age on response of 61-point relaxation technique on cardio-vascular variables. Study was conducted on 30 healthy females of equals to or less than 30 years and 30 healthy females of more than 30 years. Before and after relaxation technique data regarding systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), Heart rate (HR) and respiratory rate (RR) were recorded. Significance of difference in means of baseline and end line data SBP, DBP, HR and RR of both the groups were inferred by unpaired‘t’ test. It was found that there was significant reduction of SBP, DBP, HR and RR in both the groups but significant difference in reduction was observed only in SBP and RR not in DBP and HR. Reduction in SBP was significantly more in more than 30 years than the other group whereas reduction in RR was just reverse.

Keywords 61– Point Relaxation Training, Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP), Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP), Heart Rate (HR) and Respiratory Rate (RR)

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Association of Anxiety and Depression with Glaucoma

Abstract Glaucoma is the third largest cause of blindness worldwide after cataract and trachoma. Along with burden of blindness it also has psychological impact. So this study was designed to find out association of Insomnia, Anxiety and depression with Glaucoma. A case-series type of observational study was carried out on 100 glaucoma cases attended at ESIC Model Hospital, Jaipur (Raj). For assessment of anxiety and depression the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and for insomnia modified Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fourth edition (DSM-IV) criteria was used. Data collected were analysed and inferred with chi-square test. It was found in this study that Insomnia is associated with Age, Visual acuity in both the eyes and severity of glaucoma in glaucoma cases, with severity of glaucoma it was observed highly significant. Anxiety is associated with Age, Pupilary reaction, Visual acuity in both the eyes and severity of glaucoma in glaucoma cases, with age and severity of glaucoma it was observed highly significant. Depression is not associated with any of supra-said factors in glaucoma cases

Key words: Insomnia, Anxiety, Depression and Glaucoma

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Change in Maternal Death Pattern: A Record base Analysis

Abstract Maternal deaths have to reduce in India as per Millennium development goal number five. So to know the whether there is any change in maternal deaths pattern of current year from previous years in Rajasthan this study was conducted by analyzing the records of maternal deaths occurring in Mahila Chikitsalay Jaipur from 1st Jan 2005 to 31st December 2009. Maternal deaths pattern of current year (2009) was compared to average of previous 4 years (2005-2008). To analyse these data Chi-squire test, un paired‘t’ test and ANOVA test of significances were used as and when required. It was observed that there was significant decrease in maternal deaths from 2005 to 2009. No seasonal trend was found in maternal deaths in both the groups. Although there was no significant difference in mean age of maternal death but proportion of deaths was more in extremes of age groups in both the groups. Significantly less maternal deaths were observed in primi-gravida and normal vaginal delivery in current years than the average of previous four years. Likewise, proportion of deaths in intra-natal and post natal periods were also significantly decrease in current year than previous years.

KeywordsMaternal deaths, Seasonal trend, Primigravida, Multigravida

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Suicidal Ideation in Geriatric Population of Jaipur City

Abstract Physical, Social and economical problem of geriatrics lead to disturbance in their psychological health and may lead to psychiatric disorders. This study is aimed to found out the suicidal tendencies in geriatric population of Jaipur city. For the study 990 geriatric individuals were identified by 30 cluster technique was adopted to cover whole city. Questions related to suicidal ideation were asked along with other socio-demographic variables. Collected data were analyzed as percentage and proportion and to find out the associated socio-demographic factors chi-square test was used. Suicidal Ideation was found in 6.77% of elderly and this Suicidal Ideation was found to be associated with age, education and present occupation of elderly. It was found significantly more in elderly who lost their spouses. Housing condition and personal hygiene were found to be directly proportional to suicidal ideation i.e. poorer the housing condition and personal hygiene more the chances to have suicidal ideation.

Keywords Suicidal ideation, Geriatric

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Socio-demographic Characteristics of Clients Visiting Integrated Counseling and Testing Centre (ICTC) at SMS Medical College, Jaipur (Rajasthan) India

Abstract Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is a global pandemic and India counts for 10% of the global HIV burden and 65% of that in the South and South-East Asia. This study of clients of ICTC was carried out to know the association of HIV positivity with socio-demographic variables. Total 2412 clients have visited at ICTC of SMS Medical College, Jaipur, either voluntarily or referred by various department of this institute in ICTC in 1st quarter of 2009. They Overall HIV positivity was found 12.35% with a significant difference in voluntary and referred clients i.e. 83.59% v/s 8.36%. It was also found that HIV positivity is more in reproductive age group than extremes of ages, more in females than males, more in person who were married but presently single because of separation of spouse, divorce form spouse or death of spouse than the unmarried or married living with their spouses.

Keywords Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), ICTC, STI, voluntary and referred clients

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A Point Cross-sectional study of Swine Flu Cases admitted at a Tertiary Level Hospital, Jaipur (Rajasthan) India

AbstractPresently in India Swine Flu cases were reported maximum from Rajasthan in this year (2015). So this study was aimed to analyzed the swine flu cases on various grounds to know the reasons for this increase. 77 swine flu cases addimited on 10.3.15 in a tertiary level hospital were interrogated. Total 2603 swine flu cases and 101 deaths were confirmed upto 10.3.15 in this current year concluding CFR 3.88%. Mean age of identified 77 swine flu cases was 41.32 ± 16.19 years with age range 1.5 to 75 years and MF ratio 0.51. Significantly more females were affected with swine flu than males but no significant age wise difference was found in males and females. Out of total 77 cases, 32.47 % were in ICU. About one third (31%) were self motivated others were from government and private health institutes. They were correctly diagnosed symptomatically in 33.77% before referred and about half of cases were advised for investigation (44.16%) for swine flu and precautions (51.95%) regarding respiratory antiquates. And 63.64% were admitted within 24 hours shows good awareness. Co morbidity was found in 57.14% of admitted cases and maximum (84%) co morbidity was found in cases admitted in ICU.

Keywords Influenza, Swine flu, CFR, Socio-demographic, co morbidity

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