IMJ Health : August 2015

International Journal, Journal, Research Journal,Medical Journal

Mind management is base for better Performance: A Review

Abstract Allopathic medicine not necessarily cure all the patients of all the diseases. The left out patients or let out diseases may have some underlying problem which was not caught by these allopathic medicines. So to bridge this gap, there is a need to know and explore the hidden underlying problem and hidden potential to solve it on scientific basis. Proper mind management can lead to endorphins release which intern strengthen immune system. Nowadays there is an urgent need to encourage researches in this area on mind management and yoga practice as it will be not be just a need but a necessity for everyone to save one self and this world. So yoga and meditation should be included in day to day life style to deal with complexity of modern days. And it is also necessity to include this spiritual science with modern medicine to compliment modern medicine. So everyone should practice yoga not only for the sake of self development and self spiritual enrichment but also for world harmony and preservation of society.

Key wordsMind Management, Psycho physiological relation, Yoga, Meditation

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Satisfaction of Beneficiaries from Anganwadi Workers (AWW) of Jaipur Zone, Rajasthan

Abstract

Background: – Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS) is India’s response to the challenge of meeting the holistic needs of children below six years of age, adolescent girls expectant and nursing mothers through the network of Anganwadis. Objectives: – To assess the satisfaction of beneficiaries with the services of Anganwadi Workers of Jaipur Zone (Rajasthan) India. Materials and methods: –8 AWCs were selected from each of the 5 Zones of Jaipur. So, total 40 AWCs were included in the present survey. Performance of each of the AWW from identified AWCs was assessed as per the ‘Form no. (2) to (6)’ of ICDS. Performance of various districts and various activities were analyzed with chi-square/ANOVA wherever applied Results: – 75% mothers were satisfied for themselves and 73.75% for their children with the services of AWWs. 83.75% of Adolescents were satisfied themselves with the services of AWWs. 90% of community leaders were satisfied with the services of AWWs. Average mean time opening of AWCs of Jaipur zone was 18.8 minutes less than the ideal duration of 240 minutes per day. Supplementary nutrition distribution was 84.94%. 23.33% children of 3-6 years of age group attended PSE for more than 20 days. 65% 12-24 years children were fully immunized Conclusion: – Majority of mothers were satisfied for themselves and for their children with the services of AWWs. Even adolescent girls and community leaders were satisfied with the services of AWWs.

Key wordsAnganwadis, AWW, AWC, ICDS, PSE, HNE, Supplementary Nutrition

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Age and Sex Profile of Tuberculosis cases and its association with treatment outcome

Abstract Tuberculosis affected mankind for over 5000 yrs and continue to be a major public health problem. So to generate hypothesis about tuberculosis this study was conducted to study the profile of tuberculosis cases attending at DTC Jaipur. A record based cross-sectional study of tuberculosis patients attended at District Tuberculosis Centre, Jaipur were taken. Chi-square test was used to find out association. It was found in this study that Cure Rate significantly varied with type of case, age and sex of case. It was observed highest in cat.III and below 20 yrs of age. Defaulters were max. in Relapse retreated cases and in elderly (>60 yrs.) cases whereas it was not affected significantly with age . Failure Rate was highest in category I cases and significantly varied with age and sex. About 3/4th of total deaths were observed in Failure and Relapse retreated cases. Case Fatality Rate (CFR) showed not significant variation with sex. So it can be concluded with this study that maximally affected age group with tuberculosis is either children or 40-60 years with male predominance. Category III cases are more easier to cured and Category II cases are most difficult to cured. Cure rate was lesser in 40-60 years of age group and males. Defaulters and CFR were more in category II, 40-60 year of age group and males. And Failure Rate was more in category I, 40-60 year of age group and males

Key wordsDTC, Category, Cured Rate, Defaulters, Relapse, failure, CFR

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Knowledge Assessment of Nursing Personnel about Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Reproductive Duct Infections

Abstract In India, Reproductive Tract Infection (RTI) including Sexually transmitted Diseases (STDs) produce a huge disease burden. Nursing staff plays a major role in prevention of STI/RTIs. So this study was conducted aimed to know the knowledge about STIs/RTIs of nursing personnel of a tertiary care hospital of Rajasthan. 100 nursing professionals were supervised for practice and interrogated for attitude and knowledge as per a semi- structured schedule. It was found that overall mean score of nurses was 56% and only 52% had scores passing marks (>50%). Although this knowledge about STI/RTI was not found to be associated religion, caste, type of family and socio-economic status but it was found to be associated with sex, marital status and education of nurses. It was also found in this study that gap of training decreases the knowledge and number of training increases the knowledge. It was found to be associated with department where the nurses were working. So all the nurses irrespective of place of posting should be given refresher trainings at regular intervals.

Key words– Reproductive Duct Infections diseases, STDs, Knowledge, Nursing personnel.

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Bio-social Profile of Elderly residing in Jaipur City: A Cross-sectional Study

Abstract—Elderly population is increasing due to demographic shift in favor of geriatric population. This age group is susceptible for many health problems which have a significant impact on their quality of life. Profile of this population is required to frame comprehensive policies to make ageing a comfortable experience. So this cross-sectional study was carried out from September 2009 to August 2010 on 1620 elderly residing in Municipal corporation area of Jaipur city with the aim to study the biosocial profile of elderly population. Study population consist of 1620 elderly with M:F ratio 0.95. Mean age of elderly was 66.08 years with slight female predominance i.e. 1048 females for 1000 males in Jaipur city. 74.93% were Hindus and likewise majority (65.18%) were of general caste followed by OBC, SC and ST which is 15.92%, 14.44% and 4.22% respectively. 77% were married & living with their spouses and only 2% were living singly either because of separated /divorce with their spouse or they had never married. Majority of elderly were living in joint family and in good housing condition. About half of elderly (45.42%) were either illiterate or just literate, which is mainly because of higher proportion of females in this literacy level group. It was also found that as literacy level increases the proportion of females decreases and for males it is just reverse of it (p<0.001). About half (50.49%) of elderies were having source of income either as pension or by self employment. But among females, 81.54% were house wives.

Key words- Bio-social Profile, Elderly, Geriatric, Metropolitan City, Urban Area.

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Cyto-diagnosis of Papillary Hidradenoma of Vulva: A Case Report from A Tertiary Hospital of Rajasthan, India

Abstract— Papillary Hidradenoma is a rare benign tumor of apocrine glands. Very limited number of case reports are available in the literature detailing the cytological features of papillary hidradenoma. Such a rare case specimen came in notice here at Pathology Department of SMS Medical College, Jaipur (Raj.) India. So, one such a rare case of papillary hidradenoma was explored with its cytological findings. A 30 year old female presented with a vulval cyst. Fluid from this cyst was sent for cytology with a clinical diagnosis of Bartholin cyst. The cytology suggested it to be a benign adnexal tumour by the presence of Biphasic pattern of cell arrangement which was further confirmed histologically. So whenever an middle aged female presents with a nodular lesion in the anogenital area, hidradenoma papilliferum should be kept in mind along with other conditions.

Key wordsCystic Papillary Hidradenoma , Vulval Cyst, Bartholin Cyst, Skin Adnexal Tumors

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