Nematophagous Fungi: A Biological Agent for Regulation of Plant Parasitic Nematodes

Abstract The occurrence of plant-parasitic nematodes amongst farmers around the globe is a major concern. Farmers also turn to organic pesticides as an additional method to combat pests and diseases. Nematicides are widely available and of significant toxicity in the natural environment, for example, Aldicarb (Temik). Meanwhile, one of the major components of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is the biological control using other organisms. Many microorganisms predate nematodes, but only handfuls are used for commercial purposes. In addition, the success of a nematode check is strengthened by a combination of two or more biocontrol agents. Fungi can be an efficacious biocontrol agent in particular, and can be feasibly obtained on a large scale. This review would include an outline of the different biomonitoring processes of technological development, but more on the morphological and biochemical dimensions and interactions of nematophagous fungi must be made available. This analysis will contribute to more nematodes and fungal biodiversity resources.

Keywords— Plant-parasitic nematodes, Biocontrol agent, Integrated pest management (IPM), Nematophagous fungi, Nematicides.

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