Abstract— Rootstocks have a clear effect on rubber tree growth and development during the seedling and immature stages. However, the exploration of Hevea species as rootstocks is relatively uncommon in the general practices in the cultivation and improvement programmes in Malaysia. Hevea species were tested in this research including Hevea brasiliensis, Hevea benthamiana, Hevea camargoana, Hevea guianensis, Hevea nitida, Hevea pauciflora, Hevea rigidifolia and Hevea spruceana. This research examined the successful bud-grafted percentage between scion and rootstock of different Hevea species and cultivated planting materials. The results demonstrated that rootstock-scion of H. benthamiana-PB 260 achieved the highest successful bud-grafted percentage at 94.5%, followed by H. nitida-RRIM 2001 (93.8%), H. nitida-PB 350 (92.3%) and H. pauciflora-PB 260 (90.8%). The lowest successful bud-grafted percentage came from H. benthamiana-RRIM 2025 at 51.1 %. Therefore, the exploration of Hevea species as potential rootstocks based on the successful bud-grafted percentage between rootstock-scion and their compatibility could be applied as a speed indicator for rubber nurseries to produce high quality planting materials.
Keywords— bud-grafted, Hevea species, rootstock-scion.
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