Scope and Constraint of Beekeeping in Satjalia Island within Indian Sundarban Delta

Abstract The Indian Sundarban on northern Bay of Bengal is the largest contiguous mangrove forest on earth, is a highly productive and diverse ecosystem (ES) with an aerial coverage of 9629 Sq Km. This ecosystem is also providing a wide range of direct or indirect ecosystem services (ES) and livelihood opportunities for the society. The extent of aerial coverage of the forest has not changed much in the last decade, but the health of the forest degraded along with their ecosystem services, as found from several studies. Traditionally, people of this region are dependent on farm based economy, else on the forest resources. Collection of natural honey from the forest is one such traditional practice while apiary beekeeping (Apiculture) started in the last decade only. This study is an attempt to understand the existing status of apiary beekeeping (Apiculture), their potential and constraints within the Satjalia Island, in the context of alternate livelihood option, either full time or as a seasonal profession.

Keywords Satjalia Island, Indian Sundarban, Beekeeping (Apiculture), Alternate livelihood.

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