Socio-Economic Determinants of the Adoption of Improved Maize Varieties by Farmers in Shongom Local Government Area of Gombe State

Abstract This study was designed to determine the socio-economic determinants of the adoption of improved maize varieties by farmers in Shongom Local Government Area of Gombe State, Nigeria. The study specifically described the socio-economic characteristics of maize farmers in Shongom LGA, determined the socio-economic factors influencing the adoption of maize varieties introduced to farmers and identified the constraints faced by farmers in the adoption of the maize varieties. Data were collected through structured questionnaire and focus group discussion and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings revealed that majority of the respondents were male (84.96%), the mean age of respondents involved in maize farming was 36 yearsand46.90% of maize farmers had secondary school education. Also, above average (61.36%) of the respondents were married and the mean household size of the respondents was 8. The binary logit regression output shows that education, years of farming experience and extension contacts had positive and significant relationship with adoption of improved maize varieties; education, years of farming experience and extension contacts were all significant at P<0.01.Years of residence and credit received were significant but had negative coefficients; credit received was significant at P<0.01 while years of residence was significant at P<0.05. The most common constraints to adoption of maize were high cost of fertilizer (97.80%), inadequate credit (74.73%), weeds (57.14%), pest and diseases (41.76%) and late arrival of inputs (33.52%). It is recommended that the cost of education be reduced to the barest minimum so that farmers can afford to educate themselves and their children. Also, more emphases should be made by ADPs and other extension agencies on regular visits by their agents to farmers.

Keywords— Adoption, Maize, Farmers, Improved variety.

Click here to Download Full Paper

Agriculture Journal: Socio-Economic Determinants of the Adoption of Improved Maize Varieties by Farmers in Shongom Local Government Area of Gombe State

AD Publications is a rapidly growing academic publisher in the fields of Engineering, Medical-Health, Environmental Science and Agriculture Research. AD Publications is a registered organization broad-based open access and publishes most exciting researches with respect to the subjects of our journals. The Journals is being indexed and abstracted by all major global current awareness and alerting services.
The organization aims at undertaking, co- coordinating and promoting research and development. It provides professional and academic guidance in the field of basic education, Higher Education as well in the Technical Education. Our Aims is to Promote and support, High Quality basic, Scientific Research and development in fields of Engineering, Medical-Health, Environmental Science and Agriculture Research and to Generate Public awareness, provide advice to scholar’s researchers and communicate research outcomes.

Some Important Links About Research Journal

Medical Journal
Pharmaceutical Journal

International Journal
Agriculture Journal
Environmental Journal
Engineering Journal

Translate »