Abstract— This study was designed to determine the socio-economic determinants of the adoption of improved maize varieties by farmers in Shongom Local Government Area of Gombe State, Nigeria. The study specifically described the socio-economic characteristics of maize farmers in Shongom LGA, determined the socio-economic factors influencing the adoption of maize varieties introduced to farmers and identified the constraints faced by farmers in the adoption of the maize varieties. Data were collected through structured questionnaire and focus group discussion and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings revealed that majority of the respondents were male (84.96%), the mean age of respondents involved in maize farming was 36 yearsand46.90% of maize farmers had secondary school education. Also, above average (61.36%) of the respondents were married and the mean household size of the respondents was 8. The binary logit regression output shows that education, years of farming experience and extension contacts had positive and significant relationship with adoption of improved maize varieties; education, years of farming experience and extension contacts were all significant at P<0.01.Years of residence and credit received were significant but had negative coefficients; credit received was significant at P<0.01 while years of residence was significant at P<0.05. The most common constraints to adoption of maize were high cost of fertilizer (97.80%), inadequate credit (74.73%), weeds (57.14%), pest and diseases (41.76%) and late arrival of inputs (33.52%). It is recommended that the cost of education be reduced to the barest minimum so that farmers can afford to educate themselves and their children. Also, more emphases should be made by ADPs and other extension agencies on regular visits by their agents to farmers.
Keywords— Adoption, Maize, Farmers, Improved variety.
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