Socioeconomic factors associated with the use of clean energy for cooking in informal settlements of Kigali City, Rwanda

Abstract Energy plays a vital role in human life as it serves in many different activities such as heating, cooking, transportation and lightingetc. This research aimed to determine household’s socio-economic factors associated with energy choice in informal settlements of Kigali city, Rwanda. The research was conducted in three sectors namely Gatenga located in Kicukiro district, Kimisagara located in Nyarugenge district and Kimironko in Gasabo district. Cluster sampling technique has been adopted to categorize the study area into different residential zones on the basis of socio-economic status where a sample of 107 participated in the research.

Chi-square test and Cramer’s V statistics was used to test the correlation between the household’s socio-economic factors and choice of energy. The research findings confirmed that most dominant energy type used for cooking in the study area ischarcoal which is non-clean energy. Also, family size and monthly income of the household influenced the choice of energy type used for cooking in informal settlement of Kigali City.

Keywords Socio-economic factors, clean energy, informal settlements.

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