Study of the influence of a Bioabsorbent derived from Orange Peel on a filtering soil using seawater irrigation by capillarity

Abstract— The effect of rain on our planet has been the most important meteorological phenomena to be reproduced by humans. It has been vital for the hydration of the soil, making it possible for agriculture to prosper and progress. However, the great secret of irrigation is in the ground, in the water tables and aquifers that store and manage water, storing every drop of rain and distributing the water through the underground river basins, indirectly irrigating everything, from the mountain to the sea, making the cultivation of crops possible. This means that the type of soil is as important as the water supply.

Irrigation for agriculture has always simulated rainfall; therefore, it has copied irrigation from above and has focused on the soil drainage capacity. From this point of view, saline water is not beneficial for this activity, but it may be the only source of irrigation water for arid regions, especially in developing countries, where there’s a scarcity of water and the population is rapidly growing. Storing irrigation water for both agriculture and the increasing population is necessary for the developing country’s prosperity.

The use of seawater applied to irrigation is not a new technique, there’s evidence that proves that in 1719 the Sestao’s Carmelite monks, located in Vizcaya, made use of this practice.

When considering the possibility of irrigation without desalination, always through capillarity systems, it is essential to consider some critical factors, such as the substrate of the ground, the distance of the water table, the salt composition of the seawater, chemical reactions of the ground with the salts or the drainage of the ground. Modifying any of these parameters can cause salinization effects, loss of humidity or desertification of the substrate, amongst others.

This study shows the influence of a bio absorbent obtained from the orange peel on the behaviour of a substrate based on silicon sand.

Keywords— Desertification, Desalination, Reusable, Seawater Table, Bioabsorbent.

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International Journal of Environmental and Agriculture Research (IJOEAR)

ISSN: 2454-1850

Digital Object Identifier DOI: 10.25125/agriculture-journal

WorldCat , Scilit, MDPI AG (Basel, Switzerland), Tyndale University College & Seminary, Indiana University,
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