The Biochemical Indices of Drought Resistant Species of Iori Plateau (East Georgia)

Abstract Existing forecasts of climate change predict significant warming, seasonal precipitation change, and strong and frequent droughts in the coming decades. Drought resistant plant species have more chance to survive. Predictions make the study of the biology of drought-resistant species especially relevant today. Antioxidant system, which plays an important role in plant stress resistance, is of special interest. Moreover, antioxidant substances are characterized by healing properties as well. Mechanisms of drought resistance of plants growing on arid territories of Georgia are practically unexplored. Presented study aimed to investigate the characteristics of antioxidant system of leaves of drought resistant species (Euphorbia falcata L. (sickle spurge), Lycopsis orientalis L. (small bugloss), Cotinus coggygria Scop. (smoke tree), Elaeagnus angustifolia L. (Russian olive) and Amygdalus communis L. (almond)) growing at one of the most arid regions of Georgia – Iori plateau (East Georgia). Analyses were made in two vegetative phases – flowering and fruit-bearing. From the obtained results, it is clear that the studied species have more or less different biochemical stress-adaptive mechanisms, which include certain enzymatic and non-enzymatic components of antioxidant system. In small bugloss in response to stress catalase was activated and synthesis of ascorbate-tocopherol and anthocyanins was enhanced; especially high amount of proline accumulation was noted. Phenols, anthocyanins and proline should be actively involved in stress resistance of sickle spurge. Russian olive was distinguished with high levels of ascorbate-tocopherol and anthocyanins, as well as proline; in addition the enzymatic antioxidants – catalase and peroxidase were activated, and soluble carbohydrates were accumulated. The protective systems of ascorbic acid and tocopherol, as well as phenolic compounds were active in smoke tree. From osmolytes content of proline increased, while the level of soluble carbohydrates was already the highest, compared to all tested species. Catalase was activated in response to stress in almonds; protective systems of ascorbate-tocopherol, phenols, and anthocyanins were active as well; among osmolytes content of carbohydrates was increased. The stability of carotenoids protective system of all studied species under stress conditions presumably indicates that experimental plants are less sensitive to radiation stress, and water deficiency is the main stress factor for them.

Keywords— antioxidants, drought resistance, osmolytes.

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International Journal of Environmental and Agriculture Research (IJOEAR)

ISSN: 2454-1850

Digital Object Identifier DOI: 10.25125/agriculture-journal

WorldCat , Scilit, MDPI AG (Basel, Switzerland), Tyndale University College & Seminary, Indiana University,
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