Ambient air mercury species (TGM, RGM, GEM) concentration study during mid-winter~mid-spring season at a traffic site

Abstract The main purpose of this study was to monitor ambient air mercury species (TGM, RGM, GEM) of Hung-Kuang traffic area at sampling site during mid-winter~mid-spring season. In addition, four-stage gold amalgamation and denuder samplers were used to collect the ambient air mercury species concentrations, respectively. Moreover, cold-vapor atomic fluorescence spectrometry (CVAFS) was directly used to detect the mercury TGM and RGM concentrations in this study.

The result indicated that: 1). The average ratio for RGM concentrations out of the total gaseous mercury concentration was about 1.65% at the traffic sampling site. 2) The average TGM concentration values obtained in this study were 6630 (pg/m3) which is second to China average 9800 (pg/m3) when compared with the other countries during year 2010~2013. In addition, Canada showed the average lowest RGM concentrations when Compared the other world areas during year of 2014~2015. The average RGM concentrations ratios for this study (average 91.8 pg/m3) to Canada were about 73.4 during years of 2014~2015. 3) The results indicated that the correlation coefficients among total gaseous mercury (TGM), reaction gaseous mercury (RGM), gaseous element mercury GEM and meteorological conditions such as temperature and wind speed were low correlated related during mid-winter~mid-spring season at this traffic sampling site. 4) Statistical method (Mann-Whitney U statistical) results revealed that there were significant differences in the mean concentrations values for the ambient air TGM, RGM and TGM were the Hung-Kuang sampling periods at this traffic sampling site

Keywords denuder, four-stage gold amalgamation, gaseous element mercury, reactive gaseous mercury, total gaseous mercury.

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