IMJ Health : February 2018

Medical Journal: Published volume-4, Issue-2, February 2018 with ad publications

Effect of Yoga on Anxiety: An Interventional study

Abstract— Regular practice of yoga promotes strength, endurance, flexibility and facilitates characteristics of friendliness, compassion & self-control. So this study was conducted to find out the effect of yoga on anxiety. This study was conducted on 200 anxiety cases having age range of 18 to 55 years. Hamilton anxiety scale was used to measure the anxiety. These cases were divide into two group randomly i.e. study group and control group. Study group was given certain set of yogic exercise. Both the groups were followed and results were compared where independent variables yoga and dependent variable Anxiety was used. Chi-square, independent t test, was used for data analysis. It was observed that Anxiety was significantly decreased after the yogic intervention (P=0.042S). So it can be concluded that yoga can reduce perceived stress improve well-being even more significantly so its recommend to do yoga regularly.

Keywords: Anxiety, Yoga, Hamilton anxiety scale.

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Associating factors of insomnia and depression in Glaucoma: A Descriptive analysis

Abstract—The role of emotional factors in glaucoma has received wide recognition by investigators and clinicians from the very beginning. Prevalence of depression in glaucoma has been estimated to be 10 to 12 percent in previous studies. Insomnia is another psychiatric co-morbidity reported with glaucoma. Both depression and insomnia in glaucoma patients may significantly affect overall quality of life in these patients adversely. The present study explores the predictive factors of insomnia and depression in patients with Glaucoma. A case-series type of observational study was carried out on 100 glaucoma cases attended at ESIC Model Hospital, Jaipur (Rajasthan) India. The PHQ -9 and ISI were used to assess depression and insomnia respectively. Data in details were collected as per pre-designed Performa. Data collected were analyzed and inferred with chi-square test. Insomnia and depression was found in 37% and 36% respectively in glaucoma cases. Insomnia and depression both were found associated with Age, Visual acuity in both the eyes and severity of glaucoma. No other studied socio-demographic and disease variables had significant association with either insomnia or depression. It was concluded that insomnia and depression are commonly found with glaucoma. Both insomnia and depression were found significantly more in older agr group, less visual acuity and sever glaucoma than their counterparts.

Keywords: Insomnia, Depression, Glaucoma, PHQ -9, Insomnia Severity Index (ISI).

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