IMJ Health : July 2015

International Journal,Medical Journal

Efficiency of short term Yoga practice on Pulmonary Function Tests in Healthy Young Females : A Randomized Control Trial

Abstract During recent years, a bit attention is given toward holistic therapy along with allopathic medicine in comprehensive care. The present study was undertaken to assess the effects of yogic practice on few pulmonary functions. Ninety healthy young female of age group 17-25 yrs subjects were selected for this study after excluding pregnant and chronic diseased females. These 90 females were randomized through chit box method into two groups i.e. one group was instructed for doing yogic practice daily for about one hour for 6 weeks and other one was called upon after six week after recording desired information. The PFT observations were recorded by RMS HELIOS 701, in the form of FVC, FEV-l and PEFR on day-1 and at the end of 6 weeks in both the group. There was significant increase in FVC, FEV-l, FEV1/FVC and PEFR at the end of 6 weeks was found in females of group doing yogic exercise than who had not done exercises. So exercises should be promoted to increase lung capacity especially in asthmatic cases and cases with other lung diseases.

Key words: Yogic exercises, Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs), Forced Vital Capacity (FVC), Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PEFR) and Forced Expiratory Volume (FEV1)

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Psychiatric Wellness among adolescent school going children of Jaipur City

Abstract— Mental disorders account for a large proportion of the disease burden in young people in all societies. Detecting these disorders and individual prone to these disorders at earlier ages can facilitate better treatment. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was carried out on 400 students as per Modified Mini Screen (MMS) scale to assess the psycho-wellbeing of students. General information regarding socio-demographic data and study pattern was also recorded. These data collected were analyzed and inferred with Chi-square test and ANOVA test of significance. Results: Out of total 400 students, 43 (10.75%) were in red zone of psycho-wellness and 152 (38%) were in orange zone whereas only 205 (51.25%) were in green. Although Psycho-wellness was not found to be associated with age, sex , religion and cast of family but significantly poor mental health was found in children of nuclear family, less educated mothers, working mothers and middle socio economic status of the family. Mental health was significantly poor in children who were single child, who had single parent and or any chronic diseased person in the family Conclusions: About half of students were completely mentally healthy otherwise every alternate student was found to have poor mental health that needs further evaluation for psycho-morbidity. Poor mental health was found in children of middle level educated mothers, working mothers, middle socio economic status of the family and in children who were single child, who had single parent and or any chronic diseased person in the family

Key words: Psycho-wellness, MMS, Psycho-morbidity, School Children

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Spiritual Health: Need a due Importance in Medical Science

Background

Health is defined by various authors in various ways. One describes health as a condition of being sound in body, mind and spirit and specially freedom from physical disease and pain (Webchster). Other describes health as a state of relative equilibrium of body form and functions which result from its successful dynamic adjustment to forces tending to disturb it (Perkins). And WHO describes “Health is a state of physical, mental and social wellbeing not merely an absence of diseases or infirmity so as to deal with socially and economically productive life”1 Health is many directional, even WHO also considered three dimensions of health namely physical, mental and social. But as the knowledge and time grows many more other dimensions of health like spiritual, cultural, political, vocational etc are also having its importance.2,3 One has to enjoy health in its all dimensions perfectly as per perfect positive health but it seems to be mirage as everything in our life is subjected to change.4 Holistic concept of health is to recognize and enjoy all dimensions of health for overall wellbeing.1

Health is a responsibility of a Nation, State and even more of individual oneself. It should be cared at each level of community organizations. An ancient saying is “Health is Wealth” and Hindu mythology says “Pahalo Sukh Nirogi Kaya” i.e. first pleasure is good health. So at every level there are health regulatory bodies, which are responsible for good health of their individuals.

“Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for health and wellbeing of oneself” as per article 25 of International Universal Declaration Document.5 So every individual has right to be healthy and enjoy health on its all dimensions i.e. enjoy sound social facet, cultural facet, political facet, vocational facet with sound mind, body and spirit.

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Epidemiological Study of Road Accident Cases Admitted in A Tertiary Care Hospital Bangalore, India

Abstract— National Crime Records Beuro (NCRB) reports that more than 135,000 traffic collision-related deaths occur in India every year, which is highest in world. So this study was conducted aimed to study the epidemiology of accidentaly injured cases. So it may help in suggesting some clues about such a high prevalence of death due to road accidents in India. A cross-sectional descriptive observational study was carried out on 199 accidental injured cases admitted in Apollo Hospital Bangalore India. General information regarding socio-demographic data and variables related to accidents were recorded. These data collected were analyzed and inferred with Chi-square test of significance. It was found out that maximum (51.26%) accidental injured admitted cases 20-40 years of age group with male predominance (M:F=3.26). Majority of accidents occurred in night and peak office hours. Majority of victims were two wheeler users and hitting vehicle was bus in majority of cases. Speed of vehicle, alcohol consumption and not using safty devices increases the accidents. So much more precaution to be taken at peak hours and sensitization about traffic rules should be taken care of.

Key words: Rode Traffic Accidents, Accident Victims, Accidental Injured Cases

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Diagnostic effectively of Plain Radiography for Hallow Viscous Perforation in patients of Perforation Peritonitis admitted in surgery department of SMS Hospital Jaipur (Raj)

AbstractIn developing world where limited availability of resources and over burden of patient imposing a limitation in adapting advanced radiological technique as a first line of investigation, plain radiography may be considered as a valuable screening tool in detecting pneumoperitoneum if it’s effectively is acceptable. A validational type of observational study was conducted on 1723 patients of perforation peritonitis confirmed by laprotomy to find out the effectiveness of plain radiography in diagnosing hollow viscous perforation. All these patients were advised an upright chest and erect abdominal radiograph before going to surgery. Gas under Diaphragm (GUD) was seen and compared the findings of laprotomy to find out effectiveness of the plain radiography in diagnosing hallow viscous perforation. Positivity Rate of plain radiography either upright chest X-ray or erect abdomen in detecting pneumoperitoneum is 89.20%. So in developing world with limited resources plain radiography may be be adopted as screening tool in detecting pneumoperitoneum

Key words: Diagnostic Effectiveness, Gas under Diaphragm (GUD), Laprotomy, Peritonitis, Pneumoperitonium

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