An Assessment of the Socio-economic Impact of Maiganga Resettlement Scheme, Akko LGA, Gombe State, Nigeria

Abstract The paper has examined the socio-economic impact of Maiganga resettlement scheme in Akko LGA of Gombe State. Data was collected through field observation, use of structured questionnaire, interviews and secondary materials. The findings of the study shows that Maiganga resettlement scheme is a coal mine induced resettlement scheme. Three communities of Maiganga, Kargawal and Lakandangari consisting 976 persons were resettled. Despite the provision of 75 houses, 4 boreholes, 1 primary school of three blocks of classroom, 1 skill acquisition centre, 3 primary health care/maternity, 3 transformer with electricity, a mosques and church, there was much agitation after the resettlement scheme. Monetary compensations were paid to the farmers for loss of farm lands. The compensation ranges between ₦10,000 (USD 36) to ₦150,000 (USD 536) depending on the size of farm land lost. The local communities claimed that the amount paid to them as compensation was grossly inadequate and that the management of the company reneged on most of the issues agreed upon in their informal gentleman arrangement. This agitation resulted in the stoppage of work in the coal mine for two weeks in 2014. The study recommends the need to sustain dialogue with the local communities, employ teachers and health workers in the primary school and health care facility to make it functional.

Keywords Akko, Gombe, Maiganga, Resettlement and Socio-economic.

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