Bio-social Profile of Elderly residing in Jaipur City: A Cross-sectional Study

Abstract— Bio-social Profile of Elderly residing in Jaipur City. Elderly population is increasing due to demographic shift in favor of geriatric population. This age group is susceptible for many health problems which have a significant impact on their quality of life. Profile of this population is required to frame comprehensive policies to make ageing a comfortable experience. So this cross-sectional study was carried out from September 2009 to August 2010 on 1620 elderly residing in Municipal corporation area of Jaipur city with the aim to study the biosocial profile of elderly population. Study population consist of 1620 elderly with M:F ratio 0.95. Mean age of elderly was 66.08 years with slight female predominance i.e. 1048 females for 1000 males in Jaipur city. 74.93% were Hindus and likewise majority (65.18%) were of general caste followed by OBC, SC and ST which is 15.92%, 14.44% and 4.22% respectively. 77% were married & living with their spouses and only 2% were living singly either because of separated /divorce with their spouse or they had never married. Majority of elderly were living in joint family and in good housing condition. About half of elderly (45.42%) were either illiterate or just literate, which is mainly because of higher proportion of females in this literacy level group. It was also found that as literacy level increases the proportion of females decreases and for males it is just reverse of it (p<0.001). About half (50.49%) of elderies were having source of income either as pension or by self employment. But among females, 81.54% were house wives.

Key words- Bio-social Profile, Elderly, Geriatric, Metropolitan City, Urban Area.

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Bio-social Profile of Elderly residing

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