Bio-socio-demographic factors associated with adolescent Psychiatric Wellness: A cross sectional study

Shubham Agarwal1, Dr. Raghav Shah2, Chetan Sani3, Dr. Ashok Arora4, Dr. Dilip Raj5

Abstract— Adolescents are biologically prone to have more mood swings because of the hormonal changes associated with adolescence. Adolescent health problems are usually the result of their behavioural disorders. This study was aimed to know psychiatric morbidity and its bio-socio-demographic associates in adolescent aged children. This community based cross-sectional study was carried out on 400 students as per Modified Mini Screen (MMS) scale to assess the psycho-wellbeing of students schools of Jaipur city of India. General information regarding socio-demographic data and study pattern was also recorded. These data collected were analyzed and inferred with Chi-square test and ANOVA test of significance. It was observed that as per Modified MINI Screen (MMS) scale 10.75% were in red zone of psycho-wellness and 38% were in orange zone whereas 51.25% were in green. It concludes that about half of students were completely mentally healthy otherwise every alternate student was found to have poor mental health that needs further evaluation for psycho-morbidity. Although Psycho-wellness was not found to be associated with age, sex , religion and cast of students but significantly poor mental health was found in children of nuclear family and middle family socio economic status of the students. It was also revealed that among risk of psycho wellness associates with various socio-demographic variables maximum variation was in socioeconomic status where maximum risk was in Class III and minimum in Class II. Likewise it was also found that minimum risk of psycho illness was in joint families.

Key words: Adolescence. Psycho-wellness, Associating Factors

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