Abstract— Dyslipidemia is a primary, widely established as an independent major risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD). Hence, this study was conducted with objective to find out associating risk factors in young CAD patients with special reference to dyslipidemia and its correlation of dyslipidemias & the type of obesity. A hospital Based observational descriptive study conducted on 30 patients of acute myocardial infarction below 40 years of age at department of medicine and Department of Cardiology. R.N.T. Medical College, Udaipur. To infer the association, Chi Square test in qualitative data and ANOVA & Unpaired’t’ test for quantitative data was used. Most common symptoms in young patients with acute myocardial infarction were chest pain (93.33%), Amongst risk factors smoking was most common (66.66%). The most common type of myocardial injury in ECG was anterior type of infarction in 66.66% cases. Single risk factor for myocardial infarction was present in 23.33% of patients. Two risk factors were present in 20% of patients whereas 49.9% patients had three or more risk factors. 6.6% patients had no apparent risk factors. Both BMI and waist hip ratio were abnormal in 16.66%. Dyslipidemias were observed in 46.66% cases. Hypercholesterolemia and LDL dyslipidemia was the commonest abnormality detected in both overweight and centrally obese groups.
Keywords: Coronary Artery Disease, Dyslipidemia, Risk Factors.
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