Characterization of Musculoskeletal Disorders in the manufacturing industry in northwest of México

Abstract The aim of this work is to characterize occupational injuries in northwestern Mexico. To make this work resorted to the original   source,   the   Mexican Social   Security   Institute (IMSS), who certifies labor lesions generated in the workplace. On the other hand, 706 workstations of the Manufacturing Industry were evaluated to determine the level of ergonomic risk.   The results are: In the period between the years 2010-2014 its shows the increase of Musculoskeletal Disasters (MSD), from 84 in the year 2010 to 310 in 2014. The prevalence of injury is greater in women than in men. In the early years (2010-2012) the shoulder was the most affected part of the body, but in the entire series of years, the wrist has a positive trend that exceeds the shoulder in recent years. In reviewing injuries by industry can be seen that the wrist has prevalence in the electronics industry, the shoulder in the automotive industry, but MSD injuries decreased in the textile industry. Also a positive relationship between the data obtained from IMSS and assessments made in companies considering a correlation coefficient of 0.758 was found.

Keywords Ergonomics, Musculoskeletal Disasters, Manufacturing Industry, Northwest México

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Dynamic analyses of a flat plate and a beam subjected to a moving load

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