Combining ability analysis and nature of gene action for grain yield in Maize hybrids

Abstract In the present investigation combining ability analysis and nature of gene action was studied for twenty lines, four testers and eighty hybrids, which were obtained from Line x tester biparental crossing scheme. The twelve characters were studied for winter maize under this experiment. Parental variance, Line variance, and line x tester variance revealed that there were significant differences in all the characters, whereas only tester variance showed three non-significant characters, namely days to 50% anthesis, days to maturity and cob length. The nature and magnitude of gene action showed that the dominance variance major reason towards hybrid performance for all characters. This means that non-additive action is important for the hybrid performance. The most promising crosses for higher yield per ha were L8 x T1 (27.63), L9 x T4 (23.44), L3 X T3 (23.41), L16 x T2 (23.03), L3 x T3 (22.81), L1 x T3 (22.51), L20 x T2 (19.48), L13 x T4 (19.47), L7 x T1 (18.22) and L17 x T4 (17.58) which have shown high SCA effects for grain yield which high parental GCA effects can be exploited for the development of SCHs because of non-additive gene action.

Keywords Combining ability, GCA, Gene action, Maize and SCA.

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