Abstract— Cervical ripening is an essential factor for initiation of normal labour for vaginal delivery. Prior to onset of spontaneous labour the cervix undergoes a gradual process of ripening. But in certain cases it does not occur spontaneously at term and sometimes induction of labour is required. Then cervical ripening means high bishop score in essential for successful induction of labour. This comparative study was conducted at Bikaner to compare induction of labour by vaginal prostaglandin E1 tablet (tablet Misoprostol 25 µg 4 hourly) and Intra cervical Dinoprostone gel 0.5 mg. For this purpose 100 clients were given vaginal prostaglandin E1 tablet (tablet Misoprostol 25 µg 4 hourly) and 100 clients were given Intra cervical Dinoprostone gel 0.5 mg. It was observed in this study that Dinoprostone gel is more efficacious for cervical ripening and labour induction in cases of nulliparous & primiparous at term with unfavourable cervix with intact membranes, as compared to misoprostol in terms of shorter total duration of labour, shorter mean induction delivery interval, more spontaneous vaginal deliveries, and reduced incidence of LSCS as well as instrumental deliveries.
Keywords— Cervical Ripening, Induction of Labour, Intracervical Dinoprostone Gel, Intravaginal MisoprostolTablets.
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