Abstract— Respiratory complications are major sources of morbidity and mortality in spinal cord injury (SCI). Improvement in expiratory muscle strength may be associated with improved cough and clearance of secretions. So that expiratory muscle training are advised in SCI cases to improve expiratory muscle strength. This study was conducted to compare the effect of Resistance and Sham training on pulmonary function test in spinal cord injury cases. It was found the mean value of all the parameters of PFT of Sham training was found to increase from baseline to 1st and 2nd follow up. This difference was found significant in all the parameters of PFT at 2nd follow up, but FEV1 and PIFR of 1st follow up (p value < 0.05) only. Likewise, it is also observed that the mean value of all the parameters of PFT of test group was found to increase from baseline to 1st and 2nd follow up. This difference was found highly significant (p value <0.001) in all the parameters of PFT at 1st and 2nd follow up. So it can be concluded that however both the type of training improve PFTs but the improvement of high resistance training was significantly more than they were for sham training.
Keywords: Spinal Cord Injury (SCI), Pulmonary Function Test, Resistance Training and Sham training.
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