Design Approach for Trans –Sahara Gas Pipeline Transmission

Abstract Natural gas is poised to occupy a more prominent place in the global energy balance, coupled with other renewable energy sources, natural gas is an energy source of choice for the development of Africa and offers a vehicle for its integration with the world economy. The Economic Sustainability and expected benefits of Nigerian gas reserves are estimated at 5 trillion cubic meters – equal to roughly ten years of consumption of the EU. The modeling approach for long distance natural gas pipeline is optimized and design for the minimum installation cost. In this research paper the minimum cost for the installation of long gas pipeline is obtained by designing the different set of pipeline networks for which the installation costs are estimated and compared with the minimum capital cost. Various available pipeline systems are designed by varying the compressor station spacing for different standard pipe diameters. Accurate installation costs for each obtained pipeline network are estimated by using an advanced cost estimating computer program which uses real and updated data for the estimation. These total costs of the various pipeline networks are compared to obtain a minimum installation cost. The 1000km pipeline is divided into a number of short sections to calculate the pressure drop along the pipeline length. The design pressure is considered according to the 600 flange rating, 1,350 Psig and 90% of the design pressure is envisaged for the maximum operating pressure for the pipeline design.

Keywords Tran-Sahara, Transmission, Pipeline, Minimum cost.

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