Abstract— An investigation into the effects of low light (»meanPPFD169-493mMs-1m-1), red light (»meanPPFD657-843mMs-1m-1) and normal light (»meanPPFD1061-1260mMs-1m-1) on physiological changes including yield attributes, nutritional status at Panicle initiation (PI), flowering and harvest stages in winter rice (genotype: Monoharsali) was carried out from 40 days after transplanting (DAT) to crop maturity under both pot and field conditions. There was reduction in available PPFD at flowering as compared to PI stage of the crop. The genotype exhibited significantly higher total dry matter (TDM) and lower leaf area index (LAI) values at normal light or red light than at reduced light situation. The bio-economical yield and harvest index (HI) under normal light exceeded those at low light regime. The yield attributes viz., number of panicles, number of field grains per panicle, 1000 grain weight (test weight), high density (HD) grains, potential 1000 grain weight and sink capacity were superior at normal or red light to low light condition. Higher the total carbohydrate contents in grains, higher were the sink capacity with the normal /red light illuminations at harvest stage. At PI stage, leaf nitrogen content was reduced by low light, but it increased at flowering stage significantly. Grain protein contents, under normal/red light exceeded its value at low light treatment. A positive correlation of most of the yield attributes with grain yield at normal/red light, and a negative correlation of these parameters were found at low light conditions.
Keywords— low light, red light, white light, PPFD, HI, test weight, HD grains, Sink capacity.
AD Publications is a rapidly growing academic publisher in the fields of Engineering, Medical-Health, Environmental Science and Agriculture Research. AD Publications is a registered organization broad-based open access and publishes most exciting researches with respect to the subjects of our journals. The Journals is being indexed and abstracted by all major global current awareness and alerting services.
The organization aims at undertaking, co- coordinating and promoting research and development. It provides professional and academic guidance in the field of basic education, Higher Education as well in the Technical Education. Our Aims is to Promote and support, High Quality basic, Scientific Research and development in fields of Engineering, Medical-Health, Environmental Science and Agriculture Research and to Generate Public awareness, provide advice to scholar’s researchers and communicate research outcomes.