Evaluation of Seed and Oil Yield with Some Yield Components of Safflower Varieties in Kahramanmaras (Turkey) Conditions

Abstract Oilseeds production of Turkey is not available to meet domestic requirements. Turkey has been facing a recurring shortage of vegetable oils for many years.  Presently, about 50% of vegetable oil being consumed in Turkey has to be imported. Turkey has a suitable climate for producing of many oilseeds. Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) is a multipurpose crop. Traditionally, the crop was grown for its seeds, and flower petals were used for coloring and flavoring foods. For the last fifty years, the plant has been cultivated mainly for the vegetable oil extracted from its seeds. Thus, there is an urgent need to take immediate actions for increasing oilseed production through growing underutilized and minor oilseeds like safflower. Increased safflower production will reduce the import of oilseeds and help meet our domestic oil requirement. This research was conducted to determine the seed and oil yield with some yield components of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) varieties in Kahramanmaras (Turkey) conditions using a randomized complete block design with four replications in 2015. In the study, Dincer, Balcı, Remzibey, Rio, Nebraska 10, Oleicleed, Quiriego 88, San Jose 89, Sina and Gila cultivars were used as the plant material. These ten safflower varieties were evaluated for plant height, branch number and head number per plant, 1000-seed weight, hull ratio, seed oil content, seed and oil yield. The results showed that plant height, branch number per plant, head number per plant, 1000-seed weight, hull ratio and seed oil content for ten safflower cultivars ranged between 40.15-46.80 cm, 4.58-6.65, 8.23-14.20, 34.85-45.99 g, 36.12-45.51 % and 29.53-35.31 %, respectively. The highest seed yield (992.3 kg ha-1) and the lowest seed yield (826.8 kg ha-1) were obtained from the varieties Balcı and Sina, respectively. Balcı variety had the highest seed yield and gave the highest oil yield.

Keywords Safflower, Carthamus tinctorius L., seed yield, oil yield, yield components.

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