Abstract— Judging from the developments already recorded, veterinary medicine can benefit considerably by nanotechnology. Administration of drug treatment or vaccines to free ranging farm, or wild animals can be simplified by nano-scale devices or material that will release the active ingredient, without immediate human intervention. In addition to facilitating administration, nanotechnology has already provided new drug and vaccine candidates with improved characteristics and performance. Furthermore, direct and inexpensive detection of microbial pathogens or of specific disease indicators, using functionalized nanoparticles conjugated to DNA and/or peptide probes, seems ideal for veterinary applications that in most cases must conform within a very strict context defined by cost and the availability of resources. Considering the strong potential of the interaction between the two fields of science, the aim of this article is to provide a concise description of the advances already recorded in nanotechnology, in terms of their potential application in veterinary medicine, in connection specifically to drug and vaccine delivery, and diagnosis of infectious diseases.
Keywords— Diagnostics, Drug-delivery, Nanoparticles, Nanotechnology, Quantum dots.
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