Abstract — Rabies is an endemic zoonotic disease in India. Dog is the main reservoir of rabies in India and other developing countries? An estimated 20565 deaths are reported in India due to rabies annually. It is a universally fatal disease but preventable by timely post-exposure prophylaxis. The current study was undertaken to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices towards animal bites and rabies in an urban community catered to Urban Health Centre, Santa Cruz, North Goa. 150 adult family members, one from each randomly selected family from the urban community catered to Urban Health Centre, Santa Cruz, North Goa were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire regarding their personal details and their knowledge attitude and practices about animal bites and towards rabies. Out of the 150 study participants, 132 (88%) were aware of the disease rabies and majority i.e. 140 (93%) knew that dog bites lead to rabies. However only 60 (40%) were aware of other animal bites causing rabies. 116 (77%) of study subjects preferred a hospital for wound treatment. However a significant 34 (22%) preferred traditional remedy or healer. Nearly one third i.e. 44 (29%) of the study subjects preferred to observe the dog for at least ten days following dog bite before being advised the same at health facility. 47 (31.33%) of the study participants had been bitten by a dog in the past of which 35 (74.47%) were bitten by a stray dog. 62 (41.33%) owned a pet dog of which 32 (51%) were vaccinated.
Keywords: Knowledge, Attitude and Practices, Rabies, Dog bites.
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