Multipath Parameter Estimation for Synthetic Aperture Sonar using the SAGE Algorithm

Abstract Operating synthetic aperture sonar (SAS) in shallow water environment can be challenging owing to multiply reflected signals interfering with the direct signal. We use the space-alternating generalized expectation maximization (SAGE) algorithm to estimate the multipath signal parameters. Specifically, we estimate the relative time delay of surface reflected signal to direct signal and the directions of arrivals of each signal. Using these estimates, we extract only the direct arrival signal which is used for SAS signal processing. Compared to using an adaptive beam-former, SAS system using the proposed algorithm shows better performance in terms of reducing multipath interference effects.

KeywordsMultipath, parameter estimation, SAGE algorithm, synthetic aperture sonar.

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