Abstract—To improve effectively sea surface wind speed retrieval accuracy when it is raining, it is very interesting to find out a more accurate normal relationship between Ku band backscatter coefficient s0ku and C band backscatter coefficient s0c for a dual frequency altimeter (13.58GHz/5.25GHz). In this paper an electromagnetic scattering model with a rough surface profiles is established. In terms of the established rough sea surface model s0ku and s0c are calculated by electromagnetic numerical methods of method of moment (MOM) and Kirchhoff approximatation (KA) when the rms of the rough surface is various. The simulation results are in a good agreement by these two different methods: MOM and KA. Those calculated results show that the relationship between s0ku and s0c obtained by calculating electromagnetic scattering from Gaussian random rough sea surface profiles exists positive differences from the normal relationships while those obtained by calculating electromagnetic scattering from Exponential rough sea surface profiles exist negative differences from thoses. It is obvious that the calculated relationship can be in a good agreement with an empirical normal relationship by adjusting compositions of those ocean spectrums. It is a good way to find out the normal relationship between s0ku and s0c by theoretical calculation and analysis, and also is an effective way to study the ocean spectrum and sea states.
Keywords— Dual frequency altimeter, Normal relationship, Backscatter coefficient, MOM, KA.
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