Abstract— The formation, species composition and functional role of red algae were studied in the Black Sea’s coastal zone. In sublittoral plant communities, red algae are dominant both by their number of species in the phytocenosis and by their active thallus – the one that ensures their high metabolism. Algae with a large specific surface area of thallus can accumulate heavy metals in higher concentrations. In the paper, we discuss possibilities of using red algae as biomarkers of marine pollution, and as bio filters in the processes of water natural.
Keywords— biological monitoring, biomarkers, heavy metals, red algae (Rhodophyta), sublittoral zone.
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