Abstract— This article investigates the performance of the generator excitation loop equipped with a PID controlled AVR system, and of the dam automaton consisting of a PID controlled water flow regulation system in the southern interconnected grid (SIG) of the Cameroonian power system, when subjected to small perturbations, using linearized state-space models of the power plant. A fifth order model of the synchronous generator with a high gain excitation system and AVR is considered. A detailed formulation of equations comprising the mechanical and electrical swing dynamics of the turbine-generator unit and the load is realized; a multivariable state-space non linear model of the one area single machine system model is obtained. For small-signal performance analysis, the model is linearized around an operating point. The article also presents a state-space model of the water flow system. The effects of PID controlled AVR and water flow regulation systems are examined through performing of extensive MATLAB simulations to analyze the behavior of the proposed models following small disturbances. The simulation results presented in this paper are obtained using a MATLAB computer program developped by the authors; they provide useful insight into the dynamic behavior of the Cameroonian SIG, including stability, speed of response and steady-state accuracy. The paper establishes that the classical control systems do not have very good performance: long settling time, high overshoot, relativly slow response, and many damped oscillations.
Keywords— AVR, excitation system, PID controller, state-space modeling, small-signal stability.
AD Publications is a rapidly growing academic publisher in the fields of Engineering, Medical-Health, Environmental Science and Agriculture Research. AD Publications is a registered organization broad-based open access and publishes most exciting researches with respect to the subjects of our journals. The Journals is being indexed and abstracted by all major global current awareness and alerting services.
The organization aims at undertaking, co- coordinating and promoting research and development. It provides professional and academic guidance in the field of basic education, Higher Education as well in the Technical Education. Our Aims is to Promote and support, High Quality basic, Scientific Research and development in fields of Engineering, Medical-Health, Environmental Science and Agriculture Research and to Generate Public awareness, provide advice to scholar’s researchers and communicate research outcomes.