Abstract—Thrombocytopenia is a very common finding in the neonatal intensive care unit. This study was designed with aim to study the risk factors associated with neonatal thrombocytopenia. In this cross-sectional observational study, 263 newborns admitted in the NICU from October 2016 to December 2016 were enrolled in the study. Proportion of thrombocytopenia was found along with its various neonatal and maternal risk factors associated. Chi-square test was used to find out association. Neonatal thrombocytopenia was found in 29% of neonates; 64 % had early onset and 36 % had late onset thrombocytopenia. Mild, moderate and severe thrombocytopenia was found in 49 %, 34 % and 17 % respectively. Thrombocytopenia was found to be associated with APH and PROM among maternal factors and with LBW, prematurity and birth asphyxia among neonatal factors.
Keywords: Thrombocytopenia, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), Asphyxia.
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