Vitamin D deficiency and its associating factors: A cross-sectional analytic study

Abstract— Vitamin D deficiency is widely prevalent throughout the world. Pregnant women, neonates and infants form most vulnerable groups for vitamin D deficiency. Hypovitaminosis vitamin D in pregnancy has been reported to cause various fetomaternal effect. So this study was conducted to find out proportion of vitamin D deficiency among pregnant women and to assess the effects and its associating factors. For this purpose 120 Pregnant women on their first visit to hospital irrespective of gestational age were taken. Apart from routine obstetrical investigation, serum vitamin D (total) level was estimated. All results were recorded and analyzed statically. It was observed that 84.1% were found to be vitamin D deficient. Mean age of vitamin D deficient group and non deficient group were 28.31±3.86 and 26.37±2.83 years respectively. Religion and parity of women was not found to be associated with vitamin D deficiency whereas age, type of diet and use of sunscreen was found to be associated. Vitamin D deficiency was found significantly more in elderly, vegetarians and users of sunscreen than their counterparts. Regarding maternal and neonatal outcomes, development of preeclampsia, LSCS as mode of delivery, delivery of pre term and LBW babies were having controversial findings. So it suggest much more researches in this regards.

Keywords: Feto-Maternal Outcome, Hypovitaminosis D, Maternal Blood Vitamin D, Vitamin D Status in Pregnancy.

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Medical Journal: Vitamin D deficiency and its associating factors: A cross-sectional analytic study

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