Waste Management of Temple Floral offerings by Vermicomposting and its effect on Soil and Plant Growth

Abstract The safe and environmentally harmonious management of solid wastes becomes a major issue in many cities of developing nations .Enormous production of solid wastes coupled with poor management system, results in a significant environmental degradation..In India at most of the religious places a huge tonnage of solid waste is generated largely during functions, worships, ceremonies and festivals. The quantity of flower waste generated by few major temples of Jaipur city was assessed. In present study different proportions of mixture of cattle dung and floral wastes were taken and performed vermicomposting process using Eisenia foetida earth worm species. The bioconversion ratio i.e., waste into vermicompost was found to be high in 50:50 and 60:40 proportion. Soil was kept as control throughout the study. After Vermicomposting process  analysis of various  physical and chemical parameters  was done. It was found that 25◦C temperature, 8.0 pH, 1-2mm particle size , 60% moisture content,  black colour, odourless,0.88 bulk density were optimum parameters. Vermicomposting resulted in lowering of EC, C: N ratio, C : P ratio and increase in nitrogen, phosphorus , potassium , Calcium ,  Magnesium  and sulfur.  In the pot culture studies of Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) plants (using prepared floral waste vermicompost as fertilizer) various growth  parameters like mean stem diameter, mean plant height, mean leaf number, mean length of roots, yield/plant  showed good enhancement of growth .The results indicate that integrated effect of all the nutrients present in flower waste  vermicompost results in the increased growth and yield of tomato plants and  also played a crucial role in improving soil properties, as compared to control. Thus, vermicomposting of temple flower waste is an excellent and ecofriendly method to get valuable products which will lead to a healthier and waste free environment.

Keywords Temple Floral Waste, Vermicomposting, Physical -chemical parameters, Tomato, growth.

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