Abstract— Clarifiers clays are used in refinery operations of vegetable oils to remove pigments, improving their appearance, odor and flavor. In this study, yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa Deg.) seeds oil was extracted by mechanical pressing. Passion fruit seeds were dried in a convective dryer under temperatures of 50, 60 and 70°C in order to adjust different mathematical models to experimental data. Physico-chemical analyses were carried out of oil samples resulting from the refining process steps. Oil thermal performance was also evaluated during 90 days. Physico-chemical results varied in each refining stage: refractive index (1.4763 to 1.4666), water activity (0.9567 to 0.5140) and density (1.02 to 0.8914). Thermogravimetric (TGA), derivate thermogravimetric (DTGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) curves showed that refined oils presented a better thermal stability compared to the standard oil, without the clarification step.
Keywords— clarifiers agents, oil extraction, oil refinery.
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